2. Running and writing tests¶
Good code needs tests.
A project like django CMS simply can’t afford to incorporate new code that doesn’t come with its own tests.
Tests provide some necessary minimum confidence: they can show the code will behave as it expected, and help identify what’s going wrong if something breaks it.
Not insisting on good tests when code is committed is like letting a gang of teenagers without a driving licence borrow your car on a Friday night, even if you think they are very nice teenagers and they really promise to be careful.
We certainly do want your contributions and fixes, but we need your tests with them too. Otherwise, we’d be compromising our codebase.
So, you are going to have to include tests if you want to contribute. However, writing tests is not particularly difficult, and there are plenty of examples to crib from in the code to help you.
2.1. Running tests¶
There’s more than one way to do this, but here’s one to help you get started:
# create a virtual environment virtualenv test-django-cms # activate it cd test-django-cms/ source bin/activate # get django CMS from GitHub git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:divio/django-cms.git # install the dependencies for testing # note that requirements files for other Django versions are also provided pip install -r django-cms/test_requirements/django-1.4.txt # run the test suite python develop.py test
It can take a few minutes to run.
When you run tests against your own new code, don’t forget that it’s useful to repeat them for different versions of Python and Django.
2.1.1. Advanced testing options¶
develop.py is the django CMS development helper script.
To use a different database, set the DATABASE_URL environment variable to a dj-database-url compatible value.
- -h, --help¶
Show CMS version.
Specifies a custom user model to use for testing, the shell, or the server. The name must be in the format <app name>.<model name>, and the custom app must reside in the cms.test_utils.projects module.
18.104.22.168. develop.py test¶
Runs the test suite. Optionally takes test labels as arguments to limit the tests which should be run. Test labels should be in the same format as used in manage.py test.
Runs tests in parallel, using one worker process per available CPU core.
Cannot be used together with develop.py test --failfast.
The output of the worker processes will be shown interleaved, which means that you’ll get the results from each worker process individually, which might cause confusing output at the end of the test run.
Stop running tests on the first failure or error.
22.214.171.124. develop.py timed test¶
Run the test suite and print the ten slowest tests. Optionally takes test labels as arguments to limit the tests which should be run. Test labels should be in the same format as used in manage.py test.
126.96.36.199. develop.py isolated test¶
Runs each test in the test suite in a new process, thus making sure that tests don’t leak state. This takes a very long time to run. Optionally takes test labels as arguments to limit the tests which should be run. Test labels should be in the same format as used in manage.py test.
188.8.131.52. develop.py server¶
Run a server locally for testing. This is similar to manage.py runserver.
- --port <port>¶
Port to bind to. Defaults to 8000.
- --bind <bind>¶
Interface to bind to. Defaults to 127.0.0.1.
184.108.40.206. develop.py shell¶
Opens a Django shell. This is similar to manage.py shell.
220.127.116.11. develop.py compilemessages¶
Compiles the po files to mo files. This is similar to manage.py compilemessages.
2.2. Writing tests¶
Contributing tests is widely regarded as a very prestigious contribution (you’re making everybody’s future work much easier by doing so). Good karma for you. Cookie points. Maybe even a beer if we meet in person :)
2.2.1. What we need¶
We have a wide and comprehensive library of unit-tests and integration tests with good coverage.
Generally tests should be:
- Unitary (as much as possible). i.e. should test as much as possible only one function/method/class. That’s the very definition of unit tests. Integration tests are interesting too obviously, but require more time to maintain since they have a higher probability of breaking.
- Short running. No hard numbers here, but if your one test doubles the time it takes for everybody to run them, it’s probably an indication that you’re doing it wrong.
- Easy to understand. If your test code isn’t obvious, please add comments on what it’s doing.