3. Configuration

The django CMS has a lot of settings you can use to customize your installation so that it is exactly as you’d like it to be.

3.1. Required Settings

3.1.1. CMS_TEMPLATES

Default: () (Not a valid setting!)

A list of templates you can select for a page.

Example:

CMS_TEMPLATES = (
    ('base.html', gettext('default')),
    ('2col.html', gettext('2 Column')),
    ('3col.html', gettext('3 Column')),
    ('extra.html', gettext('Some extra fancy template')),
)

Note

All templates defined in CMS_TEMPLATES must contain at least the js and css sekizai namespaces, for more information, see Static files handling with sekizai.

Warning

django CMS internally relies on a number of templates to function correctly. These exist beneath cms within the templates directory. As such, it is highly recommended you avoid using the same directory name for your own project templates.

3.2. Basic Customization

3.2.1. CMS_TEMPLATE_INHERITANCE

Default: True

Optional Enables the inheritance of templates from parent pages.

If this is enabled, pages have the additional template option to inherit their template from the nearest ancestor. New pages default to this setting if the new page is not a root page.

3.2.2. CMS_PLACEHOLDER_CONF

Default: {} Optional

Used to configure placeholders. If not given, all plugins are available in all placeholders.

Example:

CMS_PLACEHOLDER_CONF = {
    'content': {
        'plugins': ['TextPlugin', 'PicturePlugin'],
        'text_only_plugins': ['LinkPlugin']
        'extra_context': {"width":640},
        'name':gettext("Content"),
    },
    'right-column': {
        "plugins": ['TeaserPlugin', 'LinkPlugin'],
        "extra_context": {"width":280},
        'name':gettext("Right Column"),
        'limits': {
            'global': 2,
            'TeaserPlugin': 1,
            'LinkPlugin': 1,
        },
    },
    'base.html content': {
        "plugins": ['TextPlugin', 'PicturePlugin', 'TeaserPlugin']
    },
}

You can combine template names and placeholder names to granularly define plugins, as shown above with ‘’base.html content’‘.

plugins

A list of plugins that can be added to this placeholder. If not supplied, all plugins can be selected.

text_only_plugins

A list of additional plugins available only in the TextPlugin, these plugins can’t be added directly to this placeholder.

extra_context

Extra context that plugins in this placeholder receive.

name

The name displayed in the Django admin. With the gettext stub, the name can be internationalized.

limits

Limit the number of plugins that can be placed inside this placeholder. Dictionary keys are plugin names and the values are their respective limits. Special case: “global” - Limit the absolute number of plugins in this placeholder regardless of type (takes precedence over the type-specific limits).

3.2.3. CMS_PLUGIN_CONTEXT_PROCESSORS

Default: []

A list of plugin context processors. Plugin context processors are callables that modify all plugins’ context before rendering. See Custom Plugins for more information.

3.2.4. CMS_PLUGIN_PROCESSORS

Default: []

A list of plugin processors. Plugin processors are callables that modify all plugin’s output after rendering. See Custom Plugins for more information.

3.2.5. CMS_APPHOOKS

Default: ()

A list of import paths for cms.app_base.CMSApp subclasses.

Defaults to an empty list which means CMS applications are auto-discovered in all INSTALLED_APPS by trying to import their cms_app module.

If this setting is set, the auto-discovery is disabled.

Example:

CMS_APPHOOKS = (
    'myapp.cms_app.MyApp',
    'otherapp.cms_app.MyFancyApp',
    'sampleapp.cms_app.SampleApp',
)

3.2.6. PLACEHOLDER_FRONTEND_EDITING

Default: True

If set to False, frontend editing is not available for models using cms.models.fields.PlaceholderField.

3.3. Editor configuration

The Wymeditor from cms.plugins.text plugin can take the same configuration as vanilla Wymeditor. Therefore you will need to learn how to configure that. The best thing to do is to head over to the Wymeditor examples page in order to understand how Wymeditor works.

The cms.plugins.text plugin exposes several variables named WYM_* that correspond to the wym configuration. The simplest way to get started with this is to go to cms/plugins/text/settings.py and copy over the WYM_* variables and you will realize they match one to one to Wymeditor’s.

Currently the following variables are available:

  • WYM_TOOLS
  • WYM_CONTAINERS
  • WYM_CLASSES
  • WYM_STYLES
  • WYM_STYLESHEET

3.4. I18N and L10N

3.4.1. CMS_LANGUAGES

Default: Value of LANGUAGES converted to this format

Defines the languages available in django CMS.

Example:

CMS_LANGUAGES = {
    1: [
        {
            'code': 'en',
            'name': gettext('English'),
            'fallbacks': ['de', 'fr'],
            'public': True,
            'hide_untranslated': True,
            'redirect_on_fallback':False,
        },
        {
            'code': 'de',
            'name': gettext('Deutsch'),
            'fallbacks': ['en', 'fr'],
            'public': True,
        },
        {
            'code': 'fr',
            'name': gettext('French'),
            'public': False,
        },
    ],
    2: [
        {
            'code': 'nl',
            'name': gettext('Dutch'),
            'public': True,
            'fallbacks': ['en'],
        },
    ],
    'default': {
        'fallbacks': ['en', 'de', 'fr'],
        'redirect_on_fallback':True,
        'public': False,
        'hide_untranslated': False,
    }
}

Note

Make sure you only define languages which are also in LANGUAGES.

CMS_LANGUAGES has different options where you can granular define how different languages behave.

On the first level you can define SITE_IDs and default values. In the example above we define two sites. The first site has 3 languages (English, German and French) and the second site has only Dutch. The default node defines default behavior for all languages. You can overwrite the default settings with language specific properties. For example we define hide_untranslated as False globally. The English language overwrites this behavior.

Every language node needs at least a code and a name property. code is the iso 2 code for the language. And name is the verbose name of the language.

Note

With a gettext() lambda function you can make language names translatable. To enable this add gettext = lambda s: s at the beginning of your settings file. But maybe you want to leave the language name as it is.

What are the properties a language node can have?

3.4.1.1. code

String. RFC5646 code of the language.

Example: "en".

Note

Is required for every language.

3.4.1.2. name

String. The verbose name of the language.

Note

Is required for every language.

3.4.1.3. public

Is this language accessible in the frontend? For example, if you decide you want to add a new language to your page but don’t want to show it to the world yet.

Type: Boolean Default: True

3.4.1.4. fallbacks

A list of languages that are used if a page is not translated yet. The ordering is relevant.

Example: ['de', 'fr'] Default: []

3.4.1.5. hide_untranslated

Should untranslated pages be hidden in the menu?

Type: Boolean Default: True

3.4.1.6. redirect_on_fallback

If a page is not available should there be a redirect to a language that is, or should the content be displayed in the other language in this page?

Type: Boolean Default:True

3.4.2. Unicode support for automated slugs

The django CMS supports automated slug generation from page titles that contain unicode characters via the unihandecode.js project. To enable support for unihandecode.js, at least CMS_UNIHANDECODE_HOST and CMS_UNIHANDECODE_VERSION must be set.

3.4.2.1. CMS_UNIHANDECODE_HOST

default: None

Must be set to the URL where you host your unihandecode.js files. For licensing reasons, the django CMS does not include unihandecode.js.

If set to None, the default, unihandecode.js is not used.

Note

Unihandecode.js is a rather large library, especially when loading support for Japanese. It is therefore very important that you serve it from a server that supports gzip compression. Further, make sure that those files can be cached by the browser for a very long period.

3.4.2.2. CMS_UNIHANDECODE_VERSION

default: None

Must be set to the version number (eg '1.0.0') you want to use. Together with CMS_UNIHANDECODE_HOST this setting is used to build the full URLs for the javascript files. URLs are built like this: <CMS_UNIHANDECODE_HOST>-<CMS_UNIHANDECODE_VERSION>.<DECODER>.min.js.

3.4.2.3. CMS_UNIHANDECODE_DECODERS

default: ['ja', 'zh', 'vn', 'kr', 'diacritic']

If you add additional decoders to your CMS_UNIHANDECODE_HOST`, you can add them to this setting.

3.4.2.4. CMS_UNIHANDECODE_DEFAULT_DECODER

default: 'diacritic'

The default decoder to use when unihandecode.js support is enabled, but the current language does not provide a specific decoder in CMS_UNIHANDECODE_DECODERS. If set to None, failing to find a specific decoder will disable unihandecode.js for this language.

3.5. Media Settings

3.5.1. CMS_MEDIA_PATH

default: cms/

The path from MEDIA_ROOT to the media files located in cms/media/

3.5.2. CMS_MEDIA_ROOT

Default: MEDIA_ROOT + CMS_MEDIA_PATH

The path to the media root of the cms media files.

3.5.3. CMS_MEDIA_URL

default: MEDIA_URL + CMS_MEDIA_PATH

The location of the media files that are located in cms/media/cms/

3.5.4. CMS_PAGE_MEDIA_PATH

Default: 'cms_page_media/'

By default, django CMS creates a folder called cms_page_media in your static files folder where all uploaded media files are stored. The media files are stored in subfolders numbered with the id of the page.

You should take care that the directory to which it points is writable by the user under which Django will be running.

3.6. URLs

3.6.1. CMS_URL_OVERWRITE

Default: True

This adds a new field “url overwrite” to the “advanced settings” tab of your page. With this field you can overwrite the whole relative url of the page.

3.6.2. CMS_MENU_TITLE_OVERWRITE

Default: False

This adds a new “menu title” field beside the title field.

With this field you can overwrite the title that is displayed in the menu.

To access the menu title in the template, use:

{{ page.get_menu_title }}

3.6.3. CMS_REDIRECTS

Default: False

This adds a new “redirect” field to the “advanced settings” tab of the page.

You can set a url here to which visitors will be redirected when the page is accessed.

Note: Don’t use this too much. django.contrib.redirects is much more flexible, handy, and is designed exactly for this purpose.

3.6.4. CMS_SOFTROOT

Default: False

This adds a new “softroot” field to the “advanced settings” tab of the page. If a page is marked as softroot the menu will only display items until it finds the softroot.

If you have a huge site you can easily partition the menu with this.

3.7. Advanced Settings

3.7.1. CMS_PERMISSION

Default: False

If this is enabled you get 3 new models in Admin:

  • Pages global permissions
  • User groups - page
  • Users - page

In the edit-view of the pages you can now assign users to pages and grant them permissions. In the global permissions you can set the permissions for users globally.

If a user has the right to create new users he can now do so in the “Users - page”. But he will only see the users he created. The users he created can also only inherit the rights he has. So if he only has been granted the right to edit a certain page all users he creates can, in turn, only edit this page. Naturally he can limit the rights of the users he creates even further, allowing them to see only a subset of the pages to which he is allowed access.

3.7.2. CMS_PUBLIC_FOR

Default: all

Decides if pages without any view restrictions are public by default or staff only. Possible values are all and staff.

3.7.3. CMS_SHOW_START_DATE & CMS_SHOW_END_DATE

Default: False for both

This adds two new DateTimeField fields in the “advanced settings” tab of the page. With this option you can limit the time a page is published.

3.7.4. CMS_SEO_FIELDS

Default: False

This adds a new “SEO Fields” fieldset to the page admin. You can set the Page Title, Meta Keywords and Meta Description in there.

To access these fields in the template use:

{% load cms_tags %}
<head>
    <title>{% page_attribute page_title %}</title>
    <meta name="description" content="{% page_attribute meta_description %}"/>
    <meta name="keywords" content="{% page_attribute meta_keywords %}"/>
    ...
    ...
</head>

3.7.5. CMS_CACHE_DURATIONS

This dictionary carries the various cache duration settings.

3.7.5.1. 'content'

Default: 60

Cache expiration (in seconds) for show_placeholder and page_url template tags.

Note

This settings was previously called CMS_CONTENT_CACHE_DURATION

3.7.5.3. 'permissions'

Default: 3600

Cache expiration (in seconds) for view and other permissions.

3.7.6. CMS_CACHE_PREFIX

Default: cms-

The CMS will prepend the value associated with this key to every cache access (set and get). This is useful when you have several django CMS installations, and you don’t want them to share cache objects.

Example:

CMS_CACHE_PREFIX = 'mysite-live'

Note

Django 1.3 introduced a site-wide cache key prefix. See Django’s own docs on cache key prefixing

3.7.7. CMS_MAX_PAGE_PUBLISH_REVERSIONS

Default: 25

If django-reversion is installed everything you do with a page and all plugin changes will be saved in a revision. In the page admin there is a history button to revert to previous version of a page. In the past we had the problem with huge databases from the revision tables after some time. As a mitigation when you publish a page all revisions that are not publish revision will be deleted. This setting however declares how many publish revisions are saved in the database. By default the newest 25 publish revisions are kept and all other are deleted when you publish a page. If you set this to 0 all publish revisions are kept but you are responsible to keep the revision table small.

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